Otolaryngology, also known as ears, nose and throat surgery, comprises many different types of surgical procedures and spans all age groups regardless of gender or ethnicity. USMD ENT physicians, also known as otolaryngologists, are trained in the medical and surgical treatment of conditions found in the ears, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck.
Otolaryngology surgery is the oldest surgical specialty in the United States, and it is one of the most elaborate fields of surgical specialty services, using advanced technology and a broad range of procedures.
Typically, ear surgery is utilized to correct defects causing hearing loss or impairment. Such procedures include stapedectomy (removal of all or part of a bone in the middle ear called the stapes), tympanoplasty (reconstruction of the ear drum), and cochlear implants (implantation of a device to stimulate nerve ends within the inner portion of the ear to enable hearing). Surgery of the ear also includes myringotomy (insertion of ear tubes to drain fluid in persons with chronic ear infections).
Common surgical procedures of the throat include removal of tonsils (tonsillectomy) or adenoids (adenoidectomy). The tonsils (either side and in back of the throat) and adenoids (higher up the throat behind the nose) are masses of lymph tissue that play an active role in body defenses to fight infection. The tonsils and adenoids can get chronically infected, in which case surgical removal is usually indicated to relieve breathing problems and infection recurrence. Furthermore, chronic inflammation of the adenoids can cause repeated middle ear infections that can ultimately impair hearing.
Nose and Sinus Procedures
Surgery of the nose can include procedures that treat sinus diseases (sinus surgery). Advanced endoscopic surgery for sinus and nasal disorders can eliminate the need for external incisions and allow for greater surgical precision.
Therapies for chronic pain may include medication, physical therapy, therapeutic nerve blocks, implantable medical devices, neuroablation and neuropsychological assessments. Your doctor will discuss all options before beginning treatment. USMD surgeons and pain management specialists utilize some of the most advanced techniques available for patients whose chronic pain has not responded to any other therapeutic measures.
Some of these techniques include:
- Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox®)
- Epidural Steroid Injections
- Facet Injections
- Facet Neurotomies/Neuroablation
- Intrathecal Pain Pump
- Lumbar Discography
- Occipital Nerve Block
- Peripheral Nerve Stimulator
- Rhizotomy Median Branch
- Sacroiliac Joint Injection
- Selective Nerve Blocks
- Spinal Cord Stimulator
- Trigger Point Injection