USMD general surgeons use a variety of techniques, including minimally invasive procedures, to diagnose and treat disease, injury or deformity almost anywhere on the body. In addition to providing many options for the surgical diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, including lumpectomy and mastectomy, USMD general surgeons perform the following procedures.
- Gallbladder Surgery
- Hernia Repair
- Abdominal Laparoscopic Procedures
- Colon Resection
- Thyroid Surgery
- Parathyroid surgery
- Hemorrhoid Surgery and
- Removal of Benign and Malignant Skin and Soft Tissue Tumors
- Breast Surgical Biopsy
If your healthcare provider discovers a suspicious area, calcification or lump, a biopsy may be used to analyze the condition. Sometimes a lump or suspicious area has to be removed surgically and examined under a microscope to determine if cancer is present. Usually this can be done on an outpatient basis, with either local or general anesthesia.
Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) Biopsy can be used to help determine the extent or stage of cancer. With a Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy, the sentinel lymph node is removed and examined under a microscope to determine whether cancer cells are present. SLN Biopsy is based on the idea that cancer cells spread in an orderly way from the primary tumor to the sentinel lymph node(s), then to other nearby lymph nodes.
Breast Cancer Surgical Treatment Options
The majority of women with breast cancer will undergo surgery as part of their cancer treatment. Breast cancer treatment depends on a variety of factors including the size and location of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, and results of laboratory tests
With a lumpectomy, your surgeon removes only the cancerous area and some of the surrounding breast tissue. Most women who have lumpectomies will also have a course of radiation therapy after their surgery.
Depending on the type of cancer you have, the standard treatment may be a mastectomy. However, today’s surgeons have less radical, more cosmetically acceptable options for mastectomy than in years past.
Simple or Total Mastectomy
The entire breast is removed, but the surgeon does not take out any lymph nodes in the underarm area or any muscles under the breast.
Modified Radical Mastectomy
The entire breast is removed along with some underarm lymph nodes.